Classical conditioning (CC) refers to the general paradigm for scientific studies of learning and memory initiated by Pavlov and his followers. As a model system associative learning in human and animals, CC continues to play a central role in research and an expanding role in evaluating disorders of learning and memory (aging, drug abuse, teratology). The book is aimed at the growing population of scientists and medical specialists who employ CC methods. Despite the current high level of interest in CC within neuroscience. There is presently no single source that provides up-to-date comprehensive coverage of core topics. CC is a very large field. Nevertheless, some organisms and behaviors have dominated the neuroscience scene. Foremost of these are classical eyeblink conditioning (rats, cats, rabbits, and humans) and 'fear' conditioning. This handbook of CC focuses on these systems.
Globally there has been a marked increase in both the frequency and cost of natural disasters occurring due to geological, hydrological and meteorological causes. According to the United States National Academy of Sciences losses caused by natural disasters have quadrupled in the last twenty years. This book, conceived as a technical manual deals with various aspects of geohazards - using photogeology and remote sensing. It is unique in that the succinct text supports the illustrations, and is aimed at geoscience professionals and university students, devised as a quick-reference standardized presentation of 170 globally occurring photo-geomorphological units derived from a comprehensive image-resolvable and ordered genetic classification of geounits. The selected geounits are uniquely classed and identified as either agents of, or susceptible to, one or more of the 14 general types of geohazards. The data set of each geounit systematically integrates characterizing graphics, ground- and air- perspective photos to introduce interpreted aerospace mono/stereoscopic photos and images demonstrating their detectability and mappability.
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